If after losing teeth no intervention procedures are done for a long time, bone starts to melt. If bone melting progresses, all chances to repair the damage and to restore normal chewing functions are lost.
Changes in mouth after losing a tooth
After losing a tooth, remaining teeth starts to change their position. It is determined by nature that nothing likes loneliness and emptiness. So after pulling the tooth, remaining teeth are shifting into missing tooth side, therefore a gap is decreasing. After a long time of waiting it can completely disappear and among the remaining teeth to form small ugly gaps. A tooth in opposing dental arch also tries to fill the gap, so it becomes longer and partially fills the gap. That are the reason why dental prosthesis or dental implantation should be performed as quickly as possible, otherwise the patient will experience higher costs and more difficult treatment procedures. Sometimes, if changes in the mouth are radical, it is impossible to carry out any intervention procedures. Then to solve the problems becomes very difficult.
Changes in facial features when bone is melting
If there are no teeth, gradually decomposes and atrophies jaw bone. This process is happening for absolutely understandable reasons – when there is no tooth, the bone loses its chewing strength (PICTURE), so does nut properly function, starts to melt and gradually disappear. It is important that the jaw during chewing would have sufficient chewing load. If waiting for a longer time, when implantation procedure is applied patient also needs corrective jaw surgery, it again requires extra time and money. Furthermore, when we cannot chew harder food, our bodies start to lack necessary nutrients, diet becomes insufficient, so different disease may start to attack a body. So another problem occurs after jaw disappearing – stomach disease (because of poorly chewed food).
Bone melting also affects facial features. Due to atrophying bone, chin protrudes forward, cheek collapse and decrease muscle tone. If front teeth are missing, facial features changes significantly. Lips become sort of too large and collapse, nose, lips and chin wrinkles deepen and facial proportions are lost. These facial changes make people look much older. Rapid external aging also influences person’s psychological state. Person stops smiling, avoids talking and generally refuses to be a part of social life. Often these people all their days spent at home among four walls. And it is understandable, because teeth have a lot of influence to talking – by making sounds the tongue is supported by teeth. When they are missing, person starts to lisp, involuntarily whistle, spit and some sounds become difficult to pronounce.
Prepared by oral hygienist Diana Stonkutė